A detailed study of causes and symptoms of HIV

When a person gets infected with HIV, the virus will remain in the person’s body throughout their life. In the current day, there is no complete cure and prevention available for HIV. However, with continuous treatment, a person will be able to live for quite a long time.

Common causes of HIV

Two possible causes for a person to get infected with the HIV virus can be either due to unprotected sex or by sharing of needles. The virus can be found in blood, semen, breast milk and vaginal and anal fluids. HIV is also found in saliva and sweat of a person though these are not in high amounts to be able to transfer the virus to another person. HIV could be primarily transmitted through unprotected sex of any form (heterosexual and homosexual) and also through oral sex. Another typical cause of HIV is due to the perinatal infection where pregnant mothers having HIV could be at risk of transmitting the disease to the baby.

Common symptoms of HIV

A person infected with HIV experiences the symptoms after 2 to 12 weeks from its exposure. The virus begins to attack the immune cells in the body causing a number of symptoms in the body like:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Sweating in the nights
  • Pain in the joints
  • Yeast infections in the vagina or also in the mouth that could be persistent

When these symptoms begin to appear, the infected person is known to be at high risk. The symptoms do not stay in the body for long. They may come and go at any time. The symptoms also appear to be similar to that of other illness or diseases. The only possibility to make out your doubts for HIV is to get tested with the onset of the aforementioned symptoms.