HIV is the abbreviated form of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Our immune system acts as the body’s natural defense mechanism against any illness. If a person gets infected with HIV, then his body finds it difficult to fight any infections and diseases. HIV is usually found in the form of fluids in our body such as blood, breast milk, and semen, vaginal and anal fluids. A person can get infected with HIV if the bodily fluids (blood, semen, vaginal and anal fluids and breast milk) enter the blood through a mucous membrane.
People should understand that HIV cannot spread through saliva, urine or sweat.
AIDS – Basic facts
AIDS denotes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a disease that is an advanced level of HIV infection. As the HIV attacks a person’s body, his immune system is badly damaged and gets weaker and becomes easily prone to any form of illness or diseases. People who are infected with HIV could possibly develop other health complications such as TB, cancer, pneumonia, fungal complaints, toxoplasmosis, retarded brain development, etc.
Reduce the risks associated with HIV
There are many instances where a person can easily get infected with HIV. But taking some precautionary measures will help one to protect from the deadly disease.
Avoid risky sex
Sometimes you need to avoid oral and anal sex in order to escape from contracting HIV. Anal sex is considered to be the riskiest and can even weaken your immune system to a great extent.
Get tested for STDs
It is always better to be safe than to be sorry. Both the sexual partners should get screened for any sexually transmitted diseases in order to avoid transmission. A person having STDs has higher chances of easily getting infected with HIV.
One of the best ways to protect oneself from sexual diseases is to use condoms for vaginal and anal sex. Though condoms sometimes do not guarantee complete protection, they still can be effective in averting major sexual infections.
Reduce the number of sexual partners
If you have many sexual partners, then you are at high risk to get infected with HIV. If one of the partners is infected with HIV and has no knowledge about it, then you will be in a dangerous zone and can be risking yourself. In case you have or had more than one sexual partner, it is important to get tested for HIV without any hesitation to be on the safer side.
Avoid drug injections
Do not inject drugs as this has the high possibility of transmitting HIV-associated infections. If still you require the injections, try using sterile needles, and do not share your injections or equipment with anyone else. If you do so, you are not only putting yourself in trouble but also risking another person’s health condition.
Treat anxiety attacks resulting from HIV
Dealing with an ailment like HIV is deemed to be quite challenging and anxiety might be a natural outcome of constantly having to try to manage this disease. As a result, If HIV has caused a spurt in anxious feelings, one can buy Ativan online USA from US online pharmacies to get rid of anxiety. Anxiety treatment with this pill can start at the early stages of detecting the HIV in order to prevent the anxiety attacks from worsening. This pill is quite dependable because the Ativan half life is about 12 hours and it protects a patient from anxiety for longer periods. The peak functionality, however, happens within 2 hours of consuming the pill.
Possible preventive measures
Currently, there is no vaccine available for HIV prevention. But if you feel that you are at high risk for HIV through sex or by injecting drugs, then taking HIV medicines called as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) will help to relieve the risk of getting infected with HIV largely. PrEP involves taking the medication daily along with the regular visit to a health care professional. Along with PrEP, certain other precautions will also have to be taken like using the new condom every time you have sex, using sterile needles, adopting healthy sexual habits etc. to minimize the risks associated. Sometimes male circumcision can also help a male to escape from getting infected with HIV. Women who are pregnant and are found infected with HIV will have to undergo rigorous treatment in order to prevent the HIV getting passed to the child.