HIV Tests & How They Help

Itacoalition.org promotes hope for people diagnosed as HIV positive and offers guidance on all aspects of HIV. One of the important functions of taking HIV tests is to check your body’s immunity. Compared to the days when the HIV strain was first discovered, medical researchers have since come a long way in terms of containing the infection, its spread among people, and formulating medication for people living with this disease. The manifestation of this life-threatening virus is such that patients are usually unaware that may be HIV positive. It is a silent killer where common ailments like the flu and cold occur as a sign of low immunity but is not considered as a serious health condition for the affected person. There are many tests available in the market today that can detect if a person is HIV positive or not. Taking these tests at regular intervals can help determine a person’s vulnerability to the disease. Browse further to learn about the most effective HIV screening kits available today.

Top HIV Screening Tests

HIV screening tests are generally taken in two phases. The first test is done to determine if the person has the required level of antibodies or white blood cells in the blood. The HIV antibody test screens for antibodies that your body generates to fight against the virus. The presence of antibodies that your body creates to target the HIV strain indicate that you may be HIV positive. A follow-up check is required to confirm the presence of HIV. Follow-up HIV tests include antibody differentiation test to distinguish HIV-1 from HIV-2, the nucleic acid test that looks directly for the virus, and the western blot test that detects antibodies. Some tests give the results in a few hours itself, but other tests take a few weeks to confirm if a person is HIV positive or negative.

Who Should Test For HIV

HIV testing is recommended for every individual. There are some factors that increase the risk of contracting HIV so it is advisable for the following people to get tested:

  • Pregnant women as they transfer the virus directly to the fetus
  • Having unprotected sex with multiple partners
  • Someone who has hepatitis or tuberculosis
  • People with other STDs

One should consult medical professionals to learn about all the risks associated with contracting HIV and the consequences of being HIV positive.